The village of El Pozo de los Frailes, “The Well of the Monks”, gets its name from the fact that the well here, and noria (waterwheel), provided water for the monks at Ermita de los Frailes.
The Noria system for obtaining water uses technology going back 1,000 years. It is a system of wheels and cogs for drawing up the water, turned by a mule attached to a pole. The noria here dates back to the 14th century and the time of the Moors, but there was not a settled community here until the 18th Century. Only 3km from the sea, and San Jose, the area suffered from pirate raids until a defensive system of forts guaranteed the security of the inhabitants.
The Noria was functioning until 1983 when it was abandoned and fell into decay. It has since been restored by the Department of the Environment.